Contributed Talk - Splinter TimeDomain

Wednesday, 15 September 2021, 14:26   (virtual TimeD)

Fermi-LAT realtime follow-ups of high-energy neutrino alerts

Simone Garrappa, Sara Buson, Anna Franckowiak, Raniere De Menezes on behalf of the Fermi-LAT Collaboration
DESY Zeuthen, JMU Wuerzburg, RU Bochum, Univ. of Sao Paulo, Univ. of Wuerzburg

The detection of the flaring gamma-ray blazar TXS 0506+056 in spatial and temporal coincidence with the high-energy neutrino IC-170922A represents a milestone for multi-messenger astronomy. The prompt multi-wavelength coverage from several ground- and space-based facilities of this special event was enabled thanks to the key role of the Fermi-Large Area Telescope (LAT), continuously monitoring the gamma-ray sky. Exceptional variable and transient events, such as bright gamma-ray flares of blazars, are regularly reported to the whole astronomical community to enable prompt multi-wavelength observations of the astrophysical sources. As soon as real-time IceCube high-energy neutrino event alerts are received, the relevant positions are searched, at multiple timescales, for gamma-ray activity from known sources and newly detected emitters positionally consistent with the neutrino localization. In this contribution, we present an overview of follow-up activities and strategies for the real-time neutrino alerts with the Fermi-LAT, focusing on some interesting observed coincidences with gamma-ray sources. We will also discuss future plans and improvements in the strategies for the identification of gamma-ray counterparts of single high-energy neutrinos.