Contributed Talk - Splinter TimeDomain

Wednesday, 15 September 2021, 17:16   (virtual TimeD)

Einstein@Home All-sky Search for Continuous Gravitational Waves in LIGO O2 Public Data

B. Steltner, M. A. Papa, H.-B. Eggenstein, B. Allen, V. Dergachev, R. Prix, B. Machenschalk, S. Walsh, S. J. Zhu, O. Behnke, and S. Kwang
Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, Leibniz Universität Hannover, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, DESY

We conduct an all-sky search for continuous gravitational waves in the LIGO O2 data from the Hanford and Livingston detectors. We search for nearly monochromatic signals with frequency 20.0 Hz ≤ f ≤ 585.15 Hz and spin-down -2.6×10^-9 Hz/s ≤ f' ≤ 2.6×10^-10 Hz/s. We deploy the search on the Einstein@Home volunteer-computing project and follow-up the waveforms associated with the most significant results with eight further search stages, reaching the best sensitivity achieved by an all-sky survey up to 500 Hz in the O2 data set. Six of the inspected waveforms pass all the stages but they are all associated with hardware injections, which are fake signals simulated at the LIGO detector for validation purposes. We recover all these fake signals with consistent parameters. No other waveform survives, so we find no evidence of a continuous gravitational wave signal at the detectability level of our search. We constrain the h0 amplitude of continuous gravitational waves at the detector as a function of the signal frequency, in half-Hz bins. The most constraining upper limit at 163.0 Hz is h0 = 1.3 × 10^−25, at the 90% confidence level. Our results exclude neutron stars rotating faster than 5 ms with equatorial ellipticities larger than 10^−7 closer than 100 pc. These are deformations that neutron star crusts could easily support, according to some models.