Splinter Meeting Culture

Astronomy in Culture - Cultures of Astronomy

Time: Tuesday September 14, 09:00-11:00 and Wednesday September 15, 14:00-15:45 and Thursday September 16, 16:15-18:00 CEST (UTC+2)

Room: virtual Cult

Convenor(s): Susanne M Hoffmann [1], Gudrun Wolfschmidt [2]
[1] Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, [2] Universität Hamburg

There are many ways and styles of astronomical research: telescopic observations, glass plate archives, evaluating historical star charts, computation and simulation of historical phenomena etc. As there are many different cultures of astronomy, astronomy has a strong impact on human cultures. Creating constellations as a cultural frame of reference as a tool for orientation in space and time is only a first step towards a systematic usage of celestial phenomena in human societies. The selection of outstanding view points for observations, the building of observatories and development of instruments for astronomical observations are further aspects.
In particular, the IAU Division C, Commission C4 "World Heritage & Astronomy" identifies the cultural and astronomical values in a comparative analysis in order to assess the "Outstanding Universal Value" of observatories and archaeoastronomical sites with the aim to be nominated for inscription on the Unesco "World Heritage List" or on the "Outstanding Astronomical Heritage" (OAH) list. It also considers dark sky qualities of modern observatory sites. The IAU Division C Working Group "Star Names" does research on and makes catalogues of proper names for stars for the use by the international astronomical community and also to aid the recognition and preservation of intangible astronomical heritage. Both research associations aim to document, preserve and communicate heritage - material culture (tangible) as well as intellectual (intangible) heritage.
In this splinter, we would like to collect analyses of different habits and activities within the community of astronomers, namely the cultures of astronomy. Focus will be on analysing various data-sets to gain insight into particular "astronomer's cultures" and their influence on the culture of the surrounding society as well as on the astronomical community.
This splinter is dedicated to digital and computational humanities. Please submit only proposals for data-driven and more global studies, e.g. comparisons of more than one culture or whole sets of observatories or instruments of a certain type. This is not a conference for the presentations of one individual building or landscape feature per talk!


Tuesday September 14, 09:00-11:00 Astronomy in Culture - Cultures of Astronomy (virtual Cult)

09:05  Wayne Horowitz:
The Babylonian constellation of APIN

09:20  Susanne Hoffmann:
Stellarium Sky Cultures: Painting Babylonian

09:35  Michael Geymeier:
Constellation Cetus: Whale or Monster?

09:50  Break

10:00  V. R. Pai:
Star names in Indian culture - a search leading to their evolution

10:15  Daniel Cunnama:
Inspiration and Engagement with Astronomy Through Khoi and San Starlore

10:30  Doris Vickers:
Maximilian Hell's contributions to the quarrel about the naming of the planet Uranus

Wednesday September 15, 14:00-15:45 Astronomy in Culture - Cultures of Astronomy (virtual Cult)

14:05  Venketeswara Pai R:
Star Names in Sanskrit Astronomical literature

14:20  Jeanette Fincke:
The Babylonian GU-text

14:35  Break

14:40  Asterios-Evangelos Kechagias:
Intercultural Misunderstandings triggered some Transformations of Constellations

14:55  Susanne M Hoffmann:
Comparison of Stellarium Sky Cultures

15:10  Break

15:15  Gudrun Wolfschmidt:
Cultural Heritage of Observatories - IAU List "Outstanding Astronomical Heritage"

Thursday September 16, 16:15-18:00 Astronomy in Culture - Cultures of Astronomy (virtual Cult)

16:15  Anna Jerratsch:
Imagining the Heavens in the Digital Age

16:30  Doris Vickers:
Ancient Skies and Stellarium - making cultural astronomical information easily accessible

16:45  Break

16:50  Tim Karberg:
Astronomical Significance of non-elite burials in the Bayuda region in late anitquity and the medieval period

17:05  Steven R Gullberg:
The Significance of Solstices in the Inca Empire

17:20  Break

17:25  Gerd Graßhoff:
Astronomical significance of Kreisgrabenanlagen

17:40  Björn Kunzmann:
Edward C. Pickering's „A Plan for Securing Observations of the Variable Stars” and its Influence on Astronomy and Culture

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